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Seed Law of the People's Republic of China
[ source:China National Seed Association    browse:    classification:Seed Industry News ]

The standing committee of the ninth National People's Congress passed China's Seed Law on July 8, 2000. The National People’s Congress (NPC) approved amendment to China's SeedLawon November 4, 2015, which officially entered effect on January1, 2016Here provides an unofficial translation of the full text of the document.

Seed Law of the People's Republic of China

Chapter I General Provisions

Chapter II Germplasm Protection

Chapter III Variety Selection and Breeding, Registration and Record

Chapter IV New Varieties Protection

Chapter V Seed Production and Business Operation

Chapter VI Supervision and Administration on Seed

Chapter VII Seed Imports and Exports, and International Cooperation

Chapter VIII Supporting Measures

Chapter IX Legal Liabilities

Chapter X Supplementary Provisions

Chapter I General Provisions

Article 1This Law is enacted for the purpose of protecting and making rational use of germ plasm resources, standardizing the variety selection and the production and management of seeds, protecting the right of new plant variety, safeguarding the lawful rights and interests of seed producers, traders and seed users, improving the quality of seeds, pushing forward the industrial management of seeds, developing modern seed industry, safeguarding national food security, and promoting the development of crop cultivation and the forestry industry.

Article 2This Law shall apply to the activities such as variety selection, production of, trading in and management of seeds engaged in within the territory of the People's Republic of China.

The term "seed" in this Law mean the materials for planting or vegetative propagating crops and forest trees, including grains, fruits, roots, stems, seedlings, sprouts, leaves and flowers, etc.

Article 3The administrative departments for agriculture and for forestry under the State Council shall be respectively in charge of the work related to crop seeds and forest tree seeds throughout the country. The administrative departments for agriculture and for forestry under the local people's governments at or above the county level shall be in charge of the work related to crop seeds and forest tree seeds within their respective administrative regions.

Government agencies and related departments at all levels shall take measures to strengthen legal enforcement and supervision in seed industry, and panelize illegal activities violating the rights of farmers.

Article 4The State supports the efforts to protect germplasm resources and to select, produce, update, and popularize improved varieties, encourages the combination of variety selection with seed production and trading, and rewards the entities and individuals that achieve outstanding successes in the protection of germ plasm resources and in the selection and popularization of improved varieties.

Article 5The people's government at or above provincial level should make development plans according to the guidelines of Making Use of Science and Education to Improve Agriculture and to the requirements for the development of the planting and forestry industries, and organize for implementation.

Article 6People's governments at or above the province level shall establish a system for reserving seeds, mainly to meet the need of production in times of calamities and swap of positions, and to ensure the security of agricultural and forestry production. The seeds kept in reserve shall be regularly inspected and replaced with new seeds. Specific measures for seed reserve shall be formulated by the State Council.

Article 7The selection, experiment, validation and popularization of transgenic plant varieties shall be subject to safety assessment and strict safety control measures shall be taken. The administrative departments for agriculture and for forestry under the State Council shall strengthen tracking and supervision, and promptly announce the information regarding the validation and popularization of transgenic plant varieties. Specific measures in this respect shall be formulated by the State Council.

Read more,Please click the follow website:http://www.seedchina.com.cn/English/Des?id=fdb7d46d-158e-42bc-a5c2-d2797d443447&Category=Resources&CategoryId=2bc6035d-d9ea-4224-9529-4be942d71081


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